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Middle to High School

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Modified on 2007/12/13 22:11 by Administrator Categorized as Middle to High School
Introduction


Middle to High School

Middle to High School

A focus on the transition from middle to high school is critical in preventing students at risk of dropping out of school from actually leaving school. The review of research on transition programs finds that students are less likely to drop out of high school if they participate in programs that help them transition from middle school (Mizelle, 1999). A recent study of Maryland schools revealed that many schools have instituted schools-within-schools, 9th grade academies, smaller learning communities, and other strategies aimed at improving the transition from middle to high school (Legters and Kerr, 2001)

This transition occurs at a time when most young adolescents also are experiencing the physical, psychological, and social changes associated with adolescence, including the new role demands presented by parents, peers, and teachers.

Researchers' explanation for the academic and behavioral declines of general education students lies in the changes in the classroom environment that typically occur when students make the transition from elementary to middle school (Eccles & Midgley, 1989; Simmons & Blyth, 1987). In middle school, teachers are less likely to form interpersonal relationships with students and more likely to display higher levels of control and to discipline more frequently (Eccles et al., 1993b). This level of control contrasts with elementary school classrooms, where students are often given opportunities to take responsibility for their own schoolwork.
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