Health and Development (MHS)

The World Health Organization, WHO, identifies adolescence “as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood, from ages 10 -19. It represents one of the critical transitions in  the life span and is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth and change that is second only to that of infancy.”
Recommended Visits to Doctor
  • Well-child checkups and immunizations: 14 years, 16 years, 18 years
  • Early identification of problems – slow growth, inappropriate weight for height, maltreatment, delays, vision, hearing, language, acute and chronic diseases, mental health issues
  • Young person learns to talk with doctor, describe lifestyle and symptoms, follow through with treatment regimens.
  • Learn to make own health care appointments, refill prescriptions
  • Learn about equipment, how to maintain and fix (or instruct others)
  • Learn about health insurance – what it covers and when coverage ends
  • Plan for transition from pediatrician to adult-focused doctor

Self Care

  • Health routines such as brushing teeth, hygiene
  • Healthy diet and maintaining healthy weight
  • Stay physically fit
  • Adequate sleep
  • Safety in sports, driving, home; has emergency plans
  • Ability to determine if becoming sick and what to do
  • Knows basic first aid and CPR
  • Responsible sexual behavior
  • Avoiding tobacco, alcohol, drugs

Mental Health

  • Prevention and early detection of behavioral problems
  • Early detection and treatment of depression/ suicidal thoughts
  • Early detection of other mental health issues
  • Caution in use of internet – people may not be who they say they are.

Links

 

 Below needs  content review from Beth:

Health Issues

  • From American Medical Association’s Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1980.html
  • Promoting parents’ ability to respond to health needs of their adolescents
  • Adjustment to puberty and adolescence
  • Safety and injury prevention – learning CPR and first aid
  • Physical fitness
  • Healthy dietary habits and preventing eating disorders and obesity
  • Healthy psychosexual adjustment and preventing negative health consequences of sexual behaviors
  • Preventing hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Preventing hyperlipidemia (high blood fats – cholesterol and triglycerides)
  • Preventing use of tobacco products
  • Preventing use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs
  • Preventing severe or recurrent depression or suicide
  • Preventing physical, sexual, or emotional abuse
  • Preventing learning problems
  • Preventing infections diseases
  • AMA recommends 3 health promotion visits to MD – early, middle and late adolescence (11-21)

Growth and Developments

  • Social and conflict resolution skills
  • Personal value system
  • Capacity for intimacy
  • Good peer relationships with boys and girls
  • Coping skills and strategies
  • Developing autonomy
  • Can describe what is good at
  • Developing sense of community responsibility
  • Success in school
  • Preparation for work
  • Learn to manage money

Mental and Social Development