During elementary school, students work on developing proficiencies in reading, writing, mathematics, science, social studies, physical education, art, music, library, and thinking skills. Fourth-grade students complete a writing portfolio.
Students also learn how to learn from past mistakes and to cooperate with schoolmates on in-class assignments. Students are encouraged to form their own opinions, to read and write for enjoyment and knowledge, to work in teams, and to develop a strong sense of self-worth and confidence in their abilities.
Some students may need informal individualized planning for instruction, intervention, or transition. Others will require formal individualized planning such as an individual education plan or individual reading assistance plan. For students with severe cognitive or physical disabilities, postsecondary transition planning with adult service providers should start as early as possible.
Gurian, A; Goodman, R.F., Schwartz, S. (2006) Transition Points: Helping Students Start, Change, and Move Through the Grades.